Subsea Metrology Operations
DOF Subsea uses 2G Robotics’ Dynamic Laser Scanning to reduce the cost of their subsea metrology operations.
In December 2016 at The Underwater Centre in Fort William, Scotland, DOF Subsea (DOF) arranged a demonstration of dynamic underwater laser scanning as a replacement for traditional metrology techniques. The demo showcased 2G Robotics’ underwater laser scanner, the ULS-500 PRO, and Sonardyne’s inertial navigation sensor, SPRINT; Syrinx DVL and 6G acoustics. Seatronics, channel partner for 2G Robotics and provider of Sonardyne rental equipment, provided sensors and project/technician support.
Traditional metrology campaigns using Long BaseLine (LBL) acoustics and photogrammetry demand significant vessel and ROV time. LBL requires physical interaction with the subsea assets and photogrammetry is unable to provide real-time results. The goal of the demo was to quantify the operational time reduction and accuracy of dynamic laser scanning for subsea metrology.
Two structures each containing four flanges were placed on the seafloor with an approximate baseline distance of 18m. The control measurement for the analysis was established by an LBL acoustic technique with flange orientations provided by installed gyro frames.
A Triton XL ROV was fitted with 2G Robotics’ ULS-500 PRO and Sondardyne’s SPRINT positioning solution. The ULS- 500 PRO was mounted at 30° to capture the side facing hubs, upward facing hubs, and seabed in a single scan pass over the 18m baseline. With each scan run taking only 4 minutes, the ROV performed multiple redundant runs from structure-to-structure at an altitude of approximately 3m.
The data was transmitted to the surface in real-time, processed through EIVA navigational software, and then through DOF’s Metro Prep software for automated metrology analysis. From these high-resolution point clouds, exact measurements were taken to facilitate the fabrication of spools and jumpers while concurrently providing as-built condition assessments.
Four runs were performed at 4 minutes a run. The measurements of the vertical jumper metrology and the horizontal spool metrology were within accepted industry tolerances. The results of the trial highlighted the following key benefits of Dynamic Laser Scanning for metrology applications:
Reduced Survey Time
Significant reduction in the time to gather the data when compared to other techniques.
Delivery of final metrology measurements offshore within hours of data acquisition.
No physical interaction with assets is required.
Configurable mounting orientations on ROVs for specific survey applications.
More than Metrology
The 3D model used for metrology serves as an As-Built model of the subsea installation and the surrounding area to provide a baseline for future intervention work.